2/28/2017

Onipedia Demons of Japan

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .
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Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - Index -
Dämonen von Japan - 日本の鬼の研究 -鬼学入門 -
mamono 魔物 ogre



- Shrine Ho-Un no Miya 宝雲宮 Katsuyama

Oni with individual names are marked with *****.
The character 鬼 is also read as KI.

A counterpart of Oni is the AKUMA 悪魔, translated as Devil (but a bit different from the Christian image of THE Devil (Teufel) or Satan.)
evil spirit, fiend, ...

. Oni 鬼 Demon art motives - Gallery .
all kinds of dolls, kokeshi, plates . . .

. reference, books and links about ONI .

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The demons have played an important role in Japanese folklore. They help to explain many natural phenomenon.
They are part of many rituals and rites.

The demons of the Buddhist hell are quite fearful.
. jigoku no oni 地獄の鬼 demons of the Buddhist hell .



- - - - - This is a growing list, please come back !
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. akuma no Daruma 悪魔 Daruma the Demon .
* investigating the Christian concept of Devil / Satan versus the Japanese akuma


. Amanojaki, Amanojaku 天邪鬼 あまんじゃき "heavenly evil spirit " . - "heavenly evil spirit"
- - - - - . Amanojaku legends .
天探女(あまのじゃく) - Amanosagume / 天探女(あめのさぐめ)/ 天佐具売 Amenosagume
Amanojaku statue in the eaves at temple 岩船寺 Gansen-Ji, Kyoto
Amanojaku no Chikaramizu 天邪鬼の力水 Power-giving water
Kobo Daishi 弘法大師 and Amanojaku


. akaoni, aka-oni 赤鬼 red demon . *
..... Shiga
For Setsubun, there are usually two demons, Aka-Oni 赤鬼 Red Demon and Ao-Oni 青鬼 Blue/Green Demon.

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- - - - - - animal names with ONI

. oni yanma 鬼やんま devil's dragonfly .
Anotogaster sieboldii

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. aooni, ao-oni 青鬼 blue demon / green demon . *
..... Shiga
For Setsubun, there are usually two demons, Aka-Oni 赤鬼 Red Demon and Ao-Oni 青鬼 Blue/Green Demon.


***** . Ayo no sato no oni 阿用郷の鬼 from Izumo, Shimane .


. Bakemono, O-Bake お化け Ghosts and Demons .


beer - named oni
- Shiga

. Benevolent and helpful Oni 優しい鬼 yasashii oni .

Beppu 別府 Oni legends and articles - see Oita

. Daruma oni だるま鬼 ー reddo debiru レッドデビル red devil Daruma .


Edo 江戸 the demons of Edo
14 to explore


. ema 絵馬 votive tablets .
5 legends to explore
. ema 「鬼」の絵馬 - amulets .
..... Shiga

. Enku 円空仏 master carver and his Otsu-E Oni Statues .

. Enma Ten 閻魔天、閻魔王 Emma, the King of Hell - Yama .



female Oni demons - List *

***** . Fujiwara no Chikata no Yonki 藤原千方の四鬼 The four demons of Fujiwara Chikata .

. Fuku wa Uchi, Oni wa Uchi! 福は内、鬼は内 . - Chant at Setsubun
ONI 鬼 is seen as a pun with 大荷 "a big load of merchandise"



- gargoyle - referece -

***** . Gedoomaru 外道丸 Gedomaru .
at the foot of Mount Ibukiyama 伊吹山の麓

. gaki 餓鬼 hungry demons, hungry ghosts .
..... Oita

*****. Gagoze ガゴゼ, 元興神 (元興寺 / ガゴジ / ガンゴジ) . - temple 元興寺 Gango-Ji, Nara

. gyuuki, gyūki 牛鬼 "bull-demon" - Ushi-oni .


ha 鬼の歯 oni no ha, teeth of an oni
11 to explore - . see eyes, oni no me

haiku 俳句 with Oni . . . by Yosa Buson and others
. oni sudaku togakushi no fumoto soba no hana .
Buson is talking about - kijo momiji 鬼女紅葉 The Female Demon called "Momiji"

. hamaki  破魔鬼 demon mask to ward off evil .

. hone 鬼の骨 the bones of Oni demons .


. imi 忌み / 斎み imi - taboo, ritual abstinence .
imibi. kijitsu, kinichi 忌日 taboo day
忌 鬼 14 to explore (00) /// 斎 鬼 15 to explore (00)


. jaki 邪鬼 / じゃき - Jaki . - "heavenly evil spirit" *

. jigoku no oni 地獄の鬼 demons of the Buddhist hell .
. jigokue, jigoku-e 地獄絵 paintings of the Buddhist hell / 地獄草子 Jigoku Soshi - Hell Scroll
. Sanzu no Kawa 三途の川 River Sanzu, the river on the way to hell .
. Enma-O 閻魔天、閻魔王 the King of Hell, Emma .


. jinja - list of Shinto shrines with ONI . *

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. kakure-oni 隠れ鬼 "hidden oni", kakurenbo, hide and seek .

. kami 神 Shinto deities / Japanese gods .
kami to oni 神と鬼 the Deities and Demons of Japan

. kanaboo, kanabō 鬼に金棒 Kanabo, the iron club of an Oni .

. Kano Kazunobu 狩野一信  (1816 - 1863) .
- 五百羅漢図 500 Arhats and 「六道 地獄」 Rokudo Hell

. Kidoomaru, Kidōmaru 鬼童丸 Kidomaru .
..... a robber and a magician.

kijin 鬼人 "human demon" - 11 to explore
..... Shiga

Ki Jinja 鬼神社(きじんじゃ)"Demon Shrine" - see 鬼沢 Onizawa, Aomori

. Kijin Jinja 鬼鎮神社 - Saitama .
with Oni Ema
..... "Fuku wa uchi! Oni wa uchi! Akuma soto!"

***** . kijo momiji 鬼女紅葉 The Female Demon called "Momiji" .

. Kikotsuji, Kikkotsuji 鬼骨寺 Kikotsu-Ji "Temple of Oni bones" .


. kimon 鬼門 / 忌門 demon gate .
in the ushi-tora 丑寅 Northern direction

. kioo 鬼王 Kio, Ki-O - Demon King . *
稲荷鬼王神社 Inari Kio Jinja, Tokoy

kioni, ki oni 黄鬼 yellow oni *
- 黄金四つ目の仮面 - 鬼享を鼓す - 鬼を避(ふせ)く oni o fuseku
- ekiki eki-ki 疫鬼(えきき)/ 餓鬼草紙 and more Oni lore
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/katodesuryoheidesu -


kiraigoo, ki raigoo 鬼来迎 Kiraigo, welcoming the demons

. kisha 鬼射 "hitting the demon" ritual with arrow shooting .

. Kishibojin 鬼子母神 "Child eating demon mother" .
..... 訶梨帝母 Kariteimo - Kangimo 歓喜母 - Hariti - and many legends about her
..... 鬼子母神堂 Hall for Kishimojin
..... kishi megami 鬼子め神 "child eating female deity" at 身延山 Mount Minobusan


kishin, onigami 鬼神 "Oni Deity", "Demon Deity"
..... Iwate *, Shiga,
魔羅鬼神 Mara Kishin (Kijin) - a revengeful demon 霊鬼神
鬼神集落 Onigami village
(55 legends to explore)

. kishitoo 鬼舐頭 the hair falls out in a circle 円形脱毛症 .

kitan, ki tan つくも鬼譚(つくもきたん), tsukumo Kitan - book

kitsune 狐 oni and foxes ・ 鬼 狐 31 to explore
..... Shiga

koki-ita 胡鬼板(こきいた) a kind of 羽子板 hagoita

. kubihiki 鬼の首引き neck tug of war of the demons .
..... 朝比奈義秀の鬼の首引き Asahina Yoshihide

. kurooni, kuro-oni 黒鬼 black Oni, black demon . *
.... oniko tsugaru,

. kyoogen, oni kyoogen 鬼狂言 Kyogen performances with Oni .
- Asahina 朝比奈 Asahina
- Hoorai no shima 蓬莱の島の鬼 the Oni of Horaijima
- Oni no mamako 鬼の継子 The Stepchild of an Oni
- Yao 八尾 - 常光寺 Joko-Ji and the Yao Jizo 八尾の地蔵


. Landscape and Oni Legends - shizen 自然と鬼伝説  .


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ma 魔 evil, devil - akuma 悪魔 devil, Satan
- reference source : search.kotowaza-allguide.com -
54 proverbs to explore

. mame 魔滅 to wipe out demons, mame 豆 bean at Setsubun .
Kurama no oni taiji 鞍馬の鬼退治 driving out Oni at Kurama


. mayoke men 魔よけ面 Demon amulets to ward off evil . .

. me 鬼の目, 鬼の眼 / medama 鬼の目玉 - 伝説 eyes of an Oni - Legends .

. men 鬼の面 mask with an Oni .
10 legends to explore

. Momotaro 桃太郎 the Peach Boy .

monkey-demon / at Iwaido Shrine
. saruoni, saru-oni 猿鬼 Monkey-Demon .

. namahage なまはげ the Oni of Oga, Akita .
..... 出羽鶴 本格焼酎 - なまはげ Namahage Shochu Liquor

Nara 奈良 - なら散策日記 with 489 episodes about the local ONI
- reference source : narasaku.com -

. netsuke 根付 . with Oni .



. Oita 大分県の鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends .
..... Kijima 鬼島 Demon Island ..... kichoo 鬼鳥 "demon bird" ..... oni no ido 鬼の井戸 the Demon well ..... 鬼ケ原の幽霊 The Ghost of Onigahara
..... 鬼の石段 stone stairs made by a demon

. omamori, o-mamori お守り amulets to ward off the demons .

.......................................................................................... onionioni ....................................................


Oni – The classic Japanese demon. It is an ogre-like creature which often has horns.

. Oni 鬼 Demon Amulets .

. Oni 鬼 Demon art motives - Gallery .

. Onibaba 鬼婆 The demon hag of Adachigahara .
(onibaba 鬼婆々 - 52 legends to explore)
..... Oita, Shiga


. Onibabari 鬼払い driving out the demons .
oniyarai 鬼遣らい

. Onibashi 鬼橋 the Demon Bridge .
and Taishaku Ten

. Onibashiri 鬼走 running demons for Setsubun .
- and Oni eshiki 鬼会式 Demon Festival

Onibi 鬼火 A demonic flame which can suck out life if they come too near.
. "devil's fire", onibi 鬼火 (おにび) .
. onibi no saiten 鬼火の祭典 ritual .
- at Kinpusen-Ji, Zao-Do, Nara
..... kitsunebi 狐火 (きつねび) "fox fire"

- reference : Onidake 鬼岳 Volcanic Mountain (Goto islands) Nagasaki -
..... - reference: Onidake onsen 鬼岳温泉 hot spring -
21 with 鬼 岳 to explore

Onidake Inari is a famous shrine in Oeyama mountain, where the head of Shuten Doji is burried.

. onigawara 鬼瓦 demon roof tiles .

. Onigo Matsuri 鬼子祭り "Demon Boys Festival" .
..... Kokuseki-Ji Naked Man Festival 黒石裸祭 Kuroishi Festival

. onigokko, oni-gokko 鬼ごっこ game of tag / onigoto 鬼ごと .
ko o toro ko toro 子をとろ子とろ / 子を捕ろ子捕ろ "get hold of a child, get it!"


. Onihagi 鬼萩 "Demon Hagi" 萩焼 Hagi-yaki pottery .

Onihitokuchi, oni hitokuchi 鬼一口  One-eyed demons that kill and eat humans.

. Oni jinja 鬼神社 "Demon Shrine" . - Oita

. oni kenbai 鬼剣舞 "demon sword dance" Iwate .

. oniko, oni-ko 鬼子 Oni from Tsugaru, Aomori .
..... torii no oniko 鳥居の鬼コ Demons of the Toorii gates
鬼子 - also read as kishi and onigo

. Onikobe village 鬼首村 "Demon Head Village" Miyagi .
Onikoobe onsen 鬼首温泉 Onikobe Hot Spring


. onimanjuu, oni manjuu 鬼饅頭 demon's cakes .
This is a local souvenir in rememberance of the 大江山鬼伝説 Demon Legend of Oeyama Mountain

oni-musume 鬼娘 demon daughter

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. oni no ido 鬼の井戸 the well of the Demon .

oni no iwaya 鬼の岩屋 - 2 legends to explore
..... Shuten Doji

oni no kan 鬼の館 Oni Museum
..... 「鬼」という文字の解説 - explaining the character for ONI
. Kitakami 北上市・鬼の館 . *


. oni no kan nenbutsu 鬼の寒念仏 - 大津絵 Otsu-E pictures .
Oni no nenbutsu, nembutsu 鬼の念仏 demon praying in the cold


. oni no satori 鬼の悟り enlightenment of an Oni .


. oni no yado 鬼の宿 - ritual at Setsubun .
天河神社 - Tenkawa Jinja, Nara

. Oni no zashiki"\ 鬼の座敷 "Living room of the Oni". - Aichi

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. Onioi matsuri, oni-oi matsuri 鬼追い祭り .
at Kumano shrine 熊野神社, Soo town 曽於市, Miyazaki

. Onimaru 鬼丸 / 鬼切丸 Onikirimaru sword .
- dooji kirimaru 童子切丸 Doji Killer Blade

onimatsu 鬼松 demon pine tree
1 to explore


. onisube, oni sube 鬼すべ "smoking out the demons" ritual .
..... 大宰府天満宮 Dasaifu Tenmangu

onisuji 鬼筋 / oni no shison 鬼の子孫 descendants of an Oni
鬼筋 3 to explore / 鬼の子孫 4 to explore
..... oni wa soto
古(いにしえ)よりの民?現在も残る鬼の子孫の家系
読みは隠(おん)から来たと言われる。!!!!!
- reference source : matome.naver.jp/odai -


onitaiji, oni taiji 鬼退治 driving out the demons
during the Setsubun rituals and in regional legends
26 to explore - (Oni ?in jigoku hell)


. oniuchigi, oni uchigi 鬼打木 firewood to ward off the demons .
onigi 鬼木(おにぎ) "demon's firewood" / oniyokegi 鬼除木 /firewood to keep the demons away
..... onisaegi, oni saegi 鬼障木 / onioshigi 鬼押木 / oniuchiboo, oni uchiboo 鬼打棒


. oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" .
. oni wa uchi 鬼は内 Demons come in! .
oni MO uchi 鬼も内 (Good luck come in and) Demons come in! - chanting at Setsubun

Oniyama 鬼山 Okaymaa - 美咲町打穴中地区の鬼山桜まつり Sakura Festival at Oniyama
- reference source : facebook -


. oniyo 鬼夜 "demon's night" fire festival .
..... Daizenji Town, Kurume, Fukuoka

. oniyoozu 鬼揚子 Oniyozu kite .

oniyu 鬼湯 hot spring - see below, onsen

. Onizawa 鬼沢 town in Tsugaru, Aomori .

onizuka 鬼塚 Demon Mound / 牛鬼塚
5 to explore


----- If you did not find your keyword here, please check a long list with ONI proverbs:
. 鬼とことわざ ONI to kotowaza - proverbs and sayings with demons .

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onsen 温泉 hot spring / oniyu 鬼湯
4 to explore
..... Oita
湯かけ鬼蔵 (ゆかけきぞう)
source : noboribetsu-spa.jp



. Otsu-E 大津絵 Paintings from Otsu .
Oni no nenbutsu, nembutsu 鬼の念仏 Demon saying Amida prayers

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- - - - - - plant names with ONI

. hoozuki 鬼燈 - 鬼灯 - ほうずき Hozuki, Chinese lantern plant .
ground cherry, lampion flower, winter cherry, husk tomato, Physalis alkekengi

. oniyuri 鬼百合 tiger lily .
ko oniyuri 小鬼百合 Lilium leichtlinii

plant names with ONI, a long list
平安時代に成立した辞書に鬼とは、隠(おん)のなまったもので”隠れて姿を表さないもの”と書かれています.
- reference source : eisai.co.jp/museum -


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. proverbs and sayings with demons 鬼とことわざ ONI to kotowaza .

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. Rashomon Gate 羅生門 - Rashomon no Oni .

rinki 林鬼 a Shogi stone
林鬼(りんき)は、将棋の駒の一つ。本将棋にはなく、大局将棋に存在する。 成ると右鵰。右鵰の駒名を「古鵰」とする説もある。 元の駒, 動き, 成駒, 動き. 林鬼(りんき)
wikipedia
and . . . 百鬼林

. Rozan-Ji Kyoto 廬山寺 : Oni of three colors. .
The red one symbolizes Greed, the blue (green) one Anger and the black one stupidity.

. Ryuutooki 龍燈鬼 Ryutoki . Dragon-lantern-carrying demon


sake  酒 rice wine - 鬼殺し Onikoroshi " killing the demon" - Shiga
48 legends to explore

. sakaki oni 榊鬼 Sakaki demon . - Aichi

Sazae-oni さざえ鬼 – A turban snail that turns into a woman.

. setsubun 節分 oni wa soto 節分 - 鬼は外 demons get out! .
100 to explore

. Shiga 滋賀県の鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends .

. Shimane 島根県 鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends .

shitenno 四天王 four Ten deities stepping on Jaki demons or are flanked by them
. Jaki and Shitenno . *


. shita, oni no shita 鬼の舌 tongue of an Oni .


***** . Shuten Dooji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji "Sake Child" Demon .
..... Ibaraki-doji, his disciple, 鬼越山 Onigoeyama in Ibaraki
..... Kidoomaru 鬼童丸、鬼同丸(きどうまる)Kidomaru
..... Oni no dookutsu 鬼の洞窟 Oni’s cave
..... Oni-take Inari Jinja 鬼岳稲荷神社 Shrine
..... Oni-iwa 鬼岩 Demon boulder - Hyogo, Gifu and others *
..... 鬼殺し Onikoroshi " killing the demon" - Sake

. sumoo 鬼の相撲 Sumo wrestling of the Demons .
..... Oni no Sumoba 鬼の相撲場 The Devil's Sumo Ring


sword 刀 katana, blades to kill an Oni - onikiri, Onimaru
..... Shiga


tiger pants - 虎柄のパンツ
. oni no koshimaki 鬼の腰巻 - oni no fundoshi 鬼の褌
oni no pantsu 鬼のパンツ pants of an oni - loincloth .

..... Oni no pants, a children's song


torii 鳥居の鬼 shinto shrine gate - see oniko
2 to explore / Iwate, Akita . . .

Toriyama Sekien and his oni

. Tosa 土佐光信 Tosa Mitsunobu (1434 - 1525) .
..... 星光寺縁起絵巻 Seiko-Ji Engi Emaki - Legends about the origin of Seikō-ji

. tsuno 鬼の角 the horns of Oni demons .
some have two, some have one and some have no horns
53 to explore


. ukiyo-e 浮世絵 "pictures of the floating world" .

. ushioni, ushi-oni gyuuki, gyūki 牛鬼 "bull-demon" .
..... ox-headed monsters
Ushioni fuchi 牛鬼淵 riverside of Kochi

warau . oni ga warau 鬼が笑う to make an Oni laugh .
. 栃木県 Tochigi 馬頭町 Batomachi .

Yakushi Nyorai 薬師 and Oni
5 legends to explore


yonki, Fujiwara no Chikata no Yonki 藤原千方の四鬼 The four demons of Fujiwara Chikata
..... Shiga

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - List .
They are often translated as demons.

. Yukijin 湯鬼神 Demon Guardian of the Hot Springs .
..... Oni 登別の鬼 The Demons of Noboribetsu Hot Spring, Hokkaido


***** . Zenki 前鬼 and his wife Goki 後鬼 .


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. reference, books and links about ONI .


- reference : nichibun yokai database -
1202 legends about ONI to explore !


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. - - - Join my Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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