12/30/2017

Welcome

. Mingei - Japanese Folk Art - TOP .
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- Welcome to the Kappapedia !
河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - Kappa, the Water Goblin of Japan!
River Imp, Water Sprite, River Monster



My Yamashina Daruma and the Kappa Family

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- - - - - Kappa - - - - -
Kappa are supernatural creatures which live both on land and in water. They are as tall as a four or five year old child. They have a beak-like snout, and fins on their hands and feet. They also have a shell on their back, and a water-filled dish on their head. As long as the dish is full of water, kappa keep their supernatural powers. Kappa are known for dragging people into the water and pulling out their livers through their anuses.

Although kappa harm people sometimes, there are also many tales where they have helped people. They are very curious. They often appear in cartoons because of their lovable images.

Kappa love sumo wrestling and cucumbers. That is why cucumber sushi rolls are called "kappa maki". "Okappa" are bobbed hairstyles because they look like the kappa's hairstyles. Kappa are excellent swimmers.
There is a saying "Kappa no kawa nagare (a drowning kappa)" which means, even an expert can make mistakes sometimes.

. Japanese Ghosts and Ghost Stories 怪談 kaidan .



- Satori Kappa 悟り河童 and Dave Dick, Canada -


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- Check this index for the main features a Kappa can take!

. Kappapedia - ABC index .

. - Reference, Books and Links - .





Many types and more names of the kappa


. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 all kinds of Yokai monsters - .


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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Join the MINGEI group on facebook ! .  



. Regional Folk Toys from Japan .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples .


. Tohoku after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011

#kappa #kappapedia #darumapedia #kawataro
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- Kappa by Hokusai -


- - - - - Good Bye ! - - - - -


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8/28/2016

ha uchiwa feather fan of Tengu

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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Tengu no ha-uchiwa 天狗の羽団扇 "feather fan of a Tengu"

. uchiwa 団扇 hand fan .
- Introduction -

The normal feather fan of a Tengu has 7 or 8 (yatsude) feathers. Some have nine feathers.
Many tales feature this fan, which has the ability to grow or shrink the nose of its owner. They can also produce a strong gust of wind.


source : pixta.jp/tags
family crest 九枚羽団扇 家紋

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Goma sen, gomasen 護摩扇 ritual fan from Kurama
This is the fan of the great Tengu from Kurama mountain, used to ward off all evil during the goma fire rituals.


source : albireo190.blog - yatsude
Tengu Uchiwa from yatsude and the small sword of Shanao Yoshitsune
天狗の葉団扇と遮那王(義経)の小太刀


. Sōjōbō 僧正坊 Sojobo from 鞍馬山 Kuramayama Kyoto .
He carries a fan made from seven feathers as a sign of his position at the top of the Tengu society.

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source : xxx
uchiwa with Tengu from 栗林庵 Ritsurin-An, Kagawa
香川県高松市栗林町1丁目20番16号




source : yw2.gamerch.com

Tengu himself as a fan

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. dorei どれい / 土鈴 clay bells .


source : from-yamato.com/yamatono_dorei

From Kuramayama 鞍馬山の土鈴

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. kokeshi こけし wooden dolls .


source : yaplog.jp/usasuke/archive
胴模様の花が天狗の団扇

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. tako 凧 kites, Drachen .


source : blog.goo.ne.jp/ryuzojiryuzoji

天狗のウチワの凧 - in the form of shuro 棕櫚の葉 a leaf of the Shuro hemp-palm

This is also the 御神紋 shrine crest of 冨士神社 Fuji Jinja in 上西町 Kaminishi town (Shizuoka).
The kamon 家紋 family crest of the 富士氏 Fuji clan, priests at Fuji Jinja, is the 棕櫚団扇 Shuro Fan.
It should be different from the fan of a Tengu, but the priests have a strong belief in the Tengu.


CLICK for more photos of the crest with this Shuro fan crest !
shuro mon 棕櫚紋 hemp-palm crest

. hemp palm (shuro 棕櫚) .
The hemp palm has been used for other things used in a Japanese home.
A kind of fly swatter is also called the Swatter of a Forest Goblin, Tengu no uchiwa 天狗のうちわ。

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source : 絵てがみに だんだん makotyan.exblog

yatsude やつで / (天狗のはうちわ)/ ヤツデ Tengu no ha-uchiwa



yatsude 八手 Fatsia japonica, Japanese Fatsia "eight arms"
source : makotyan.exblog.jp

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. ema 絵馬 votive tablets .


CLICK for more samples !

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- quote
Tengu no Uchiwa てんぐのうちわ Der blattförmige Fächer vom Tengu



Ein Mann (Mohei) bekommt von einem Tengu (ein Berggeist mit einer langen Nase) einen blattförmigen Fächer, mit dem er seine Nase länger oder auch kürzer machen kann.
Autor: Matsuoka, Setsu // Illustrator: Mizusawa, Ken (1988)

もへいは天狗からうちわをもらいました。うちわで鼻をあおぐと鼻がにゅっ・にゅっ・にゅっとのびる。しまいにはもへいは、うちわで空へまで上ってしまいます。作:松岡節、絵:水沢研。
- source : japanischebuecher.blog.fc2.com



Kintaro Tengu No Hane Uchiwa / Manga Nippon Mukashibanashi


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"The Tengu's Fan" (天狗の羽団扇, Tengu no Hauchiwa)
A scoundrel obtains a tengu's magic fan, which can shrink or grow noses. He secretly uses this item to grotesquely extend the nose of a rich man's daughter, and then shrinks it again in exchange for her hand in marriage. Later he accidentally fans himself while he dozes, and his nose grows so long it reaches heaven, resulting in painful misfortune for him.
- source : mytwoyenworth.blogspot.jp -




- reference : more picture books -

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..... the uchiwa resembles the leaf of 麻 asa, the hemp plant. and Tengu is flying . . .
The Spirit of the mushroom Fly Agaric (Amanita muscaria) in Japan is the long-nosed, red-faced Tengu.
Whoever eats Beni-Tengu-Dake (Red Tengu mushroom) will encounter the lively entity.

- source : Christian Rätsch -



ベニテングタケ / 紅天狗茸 Amanita muscaria Fliegenpilz
- reference : wikipedia -


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Amulet from Mount Takaosan 高尾山

. . . CLICK here for Photos !
- reference : tengu fan uchiwa -

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

Once a Tengu met a run-down gambler with a special dice, said to bring 千里眼 clairvoiance. So he exchanged his feather fan for it. When he found out he had been cheated, the Tengu went looking for the home of the gambler. The home was surrounded by plants that a Tengu dislikes, (thorny brambles and azaleas).
In his anger the Tengu threw 牡丹餅 sweet rice cakes at the home, not knowing that this was a well-loved food by the gambler.

............................................................................ Miyagi 宮城県

Once upon a time there lived なまけ者の時 a lazy person called Toki. He was told to go to the mountain forest to work, but he soon sat down under a pine tree and had a nap. But on this tree happened to sit a Tengu, who wanted to play a trick on Toki. He fanned the nose with his feather fan, so that it grew quite long. When Toki woke up and found his nose had grown he was quite surprized. The Tengu said to him:
"With my fan you can make your nose very long or very short. I will lent it to you and we can make some good money with this! If you fan with the front side a nose will grow longer. If you fan with the back side, a nose will shrink."
Toki was lucky and made a good bit of money with this fan.
Once he had to shit whilst in the wilderness and had nothing to wipe his behind, so he thought he could use
just a bit of the back of his magic fan.
Then he went back to his business, making his nose long. But when he tried to make it short again, it did not shrink any more and he became the laughing stock of the region.
He had to become a beggar, walking around shaking his long nose, begging for food.

............................................................................ Tottori 鳥取県
鳥取市 Tottori

At 魔尼山 Manizan there lived a Tengu.
The only son of the 西野家 Nishino family in 大工 Daikumachi village was once abducted by a person looking like a mountain priest. Seven years later his mother had a dream. Her son appeared and told her he was taken care of by a Tengu who taught him many things. He would soon graduate and asked her to place some vegetables and a large portion of rice (tengu no goohan 強飯) on the roof.
When she did as asked, the next night there were voices outside on the roof, then it became quiet again.
Another ten and more years later, the feather fan of a Tengu was delivered to the Nishio family and she was sure it was a keepsake of her son.
The house of the Nishio family never bured down, not even during the great fire in the village.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. - - - Join my Tengupedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #hauchiwa #uchiwatengu -
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8/24/2016

plants and Tengu

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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Plants with Tengu - 植物と天狗

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. Beni-Tengu-Dake, benitengudake ベニテングタケ(紅天狗茸) "Red Tengu Mushroom".
Amanita muscaria, Beni Tengudake

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Tengu Shide テングシデ Tengu Hornbeam
More than 100 trees in a forest in Oasa, Hiroshima.

大朝のテングシデ群落(おおあさのてんぐしでぐんらく)



北広島町大朝の田原・灰谷に自生するイヌシデの一種で、幹が曲がりくねり、枝がしなだれるなどの特徴を持った珍しい木です。最近の調査で、このテングシデの特有の形態は突然変異によって生じた変化であり、それが遺伝していることなどがわかりました。この珍しいテングシデが、大小100本以上群生していますが、日本では、突然変異によりできた木が代々群生しているところは少なく、とても貴重な地域です
- source : kankou.pref.hiroshima.jp

shide 四手 a tree of the family Carpinus.


CLICK for more amazing photos !


- - - - - There is even a manhole cover in the town!



The english name for shide is Hornbeam, and I must admit I have never heard of them.
... Apparently the tengu shide is a mutation and the only place in the world it grows is around Oasa. According to the local story, if you try climbing one of these trees a tengu will appear and throw you off.
- source : ojisanjake.blogspot.jp -

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. yatsude やつで=(天狗のはうちわ) Tengu no ha-uchiwa .
Fatsia japonica, Japanese Fatsia "eight arms, eight hands"

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. - - - Join my Tengupedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #plantstengu -
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8/22/2016

kawa Tengu

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kawatengu, kawa-tengu, kawa tengu 川天狗 "river Tengu"
mizu tengu 水天狗 "water Tengu"


Most Great Tengu 大天狗 live alone in a region, only allowing some Karasu Tengu to be their followers.
Sometimes they produce the 天狗火 "Tengu fire" , hi no tama 火の玉 ball of fire; to show the borders and protect their territory.
This is done by kawa tengu 川天狗 "river Tengu".
If people go fishing late in the evening, they might feel someone attacking them on the way home.

. kotowaza ことわざ proverbs and expressions with "Tengu" .

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source : shigege.blog89.fc2.com/ *
Kawa Tengu, maybe a kind of Kappa

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荒山水天狗鼻祖 Arayama mizutengu no hajimari
曲亭馬琴 Kyokutei Bakin (1767-1848)
北尾政美 Kitao Masayoshi
- reference : waseda university library -

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Kawa Tengu is a Japanese Yokai monster folklore in Kanto area. It is a kind of Tengu that prefers to live near a river.
One
that lives in Ohhatabushi in Tamagawa always sits on a rock sadly. But one spring day, this Kawa Tengu was sitting on the same rock with young female Tengu.
One
that lives in Mizune valley appears with Mountain Tengu and make noise of water splashing, waterfalls, and rocks falling.
- source : ShotaKotake -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

.............................................................................. Gunma 群馬県

. Kaido Ancient Roads - Yokai and Yurei 街道の妖怪 - 幽霊 . Kawa Tengu from Gunma 群馬県

群馬県内に伝わる川天狗
群馬県多野郡上野村塩ノ沢で夜、川へ魚捕りに行った人が〈川天狗〉なるものを見たという。
上流から火の玉が流れてくるので、それを狙って投網を打つと、魚がたくさん入って大漁だったそうな。
同じ話は上野村楢原にも伝わっていて、投網を打ったところ、火の玉は割れて網の目から出てしまったが、やはり大漁だったという。
これはおそらくカゲロウ、カワゲラなどの昆虫の群れに発光バクテリアがついて光っていたのではないだろうか。
寿命が尽きかけて水面に落ちた昆虫たちを食おうと、魚たちが群れをなして追ってきて一網打尽になったものと思われる。
どうやら上野村に伝わる〈天狗〉というのは、深山やその川沿いにおける不可思議な怪現象全般を差すものらしく、鼻が長くて空を飛ぶ、お馴染のキャラクターとは別物のようである。
- reference : ameblo.jp/togami10 -

群馬県 - Tenguiwa, tengu-iwa 天狗岩 Tengu Rock


.............................................................................. Kanagawa 神奈川県
津久井郡 城山町 - Tsukui Kappa and Kawa Tengu 津久井の河童と川天狗
Kawatengoo 川天狗(かわてんごう) Kawatengo, Kawa Tengo


source : tyz-yokai.blog.jp/archives

仁助兄弟が、三沢村三井の霧ヶ瀬で網打ちをしていると、鮎がたくさん捕れ、天狗様がやきもちをやかぬように、いつもの通り、ハラワタを抜いた2、3尾の鮎を生簀の板の上に並べて贄を捧げた。しかし、天狗様の気に入らなかったのか、大きな火の玉が舟に落ち、兄弟はびっくりして家に逃げ帰った。このテンゴーサマはカワウソのいたずらだという。
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ある夜、鮎を捕るためにやなを掛けて番をしていると、火の玉が川波にゆられて下へ流れる。相棒が、上に流れるわけがない、と言うと、火の玉は上流に向かって流れた。こうしたことはみなカワテンゴウ(川天狗)の仕業で、そういう時は、捕った魚はいつの間にか川天狗にみんな食われてしまうという。
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津久井郡牧野村を流れる川に水神の渕と呼ばれる所がある。その渕には、幅9尺、高さ6尺位の岩が突出していて、その下に空洞があり、甲州の安寺(あてら)沢に続いていると言われていた。この渕には河童が住んでおり、子供は一切水浴びに行かなかったという。
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妻が1人で家にいると、かわいい見慣れない子供が来て火をくれと言う。毎日同じ事が続き、夫は、それは人間ではなく河童に違いないから、火をやってみるとよい、と言う。その翌日も子供が来たので、妻が火を差し出すと、子供は「御免なさい」と言って逃げ出したので、妻は火を持ってその後を追ったという。
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夜中に川へ行くと、真っ暗な中を火の玉が転がってくることがあるが、これは川天狗というものである。これが出た時には、河原の石の上を洗い清めて、取れた魚を供えると消えるのだという。また、投網をしているときに少し離れた辺りを同じく投網しながら行くもの、或いは、大勢の人の声がして松明の灯があるにも拘らず、その実何もないようなとき、それらも川天狗の仕業だという。
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A man named 角田福三 Kakuda Fukuzo
角田福三氏が、15、6歳の頃、船頭の金太さんを連れて網打ちに行った。しかし、金太はなにを話しかけても返事をせず、気分でも悪いのだろうと川原へ上がり、小屋で休んだが、やはり口は重く、ただ寒い寒いと震えているばかりだった。再び船に乗りこみ、金太に事情を尋ねると、舳に大入道が出たのだという。大入道は恐らくカワウソの化けたものだという。
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小雨の晩、角田福三氏が祖父と鐘ヶ淵の岩下に鮎を捕りに行った。突然ドボーンと大きな水音がし、2人は急に体がゾクゾクするほど気味が悪くなった。祖父はきっと身投げに違いないと言い、翌朝行ってみたが、それらしいものはなく、川原の砂地に子犬ぐらいの足跡が沢山ついていた。それはカワウソの足跡で、水音もカワウソのいたずらだったのだろうという。

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内郷村 Uchigomura

小雨のそぼ降る晩、鮎漁をしていたら、青色の火の玉が現れた。火の玉は2、3回廻って消えてしまった。こんなのを川天狗と言うのだろう。

- wikipedia
神奈川県津久井郡内郷村(現・相模原市緑区)では川天狗は姿を現すことはなく、夜に人が川で漁をしていると、大きな火の玉が突然転がって来ることがあり、これが川天狗の仕業とされていた。このようなときは、河原の石の上を洗い清め、獲れた魚を供えるとこの怪異は失せたという。また人が川に網を放つと、川天狗も姿を見せずに網を放つ音を立てたという。誰もいないのに大勢の人声が聞こえたり松明の火が盛んに見えるものも、川天狗と呼ばれた

.......................................................................


source : ameblo.jp/pocketpictures/entry
The Yama Tengu from Tsukui 山天狗

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- quote -
旧津久井郡域相模川周辺(支流でも)、河童の話が多いが、所謂頭にお皿で背中に甲羅のカッパのイメージとは大分違うようだ。以下、日文研のデータベースからいくつか引きながら見ておこう。

・河童の姿形や生態については、以下のように言われている。犬のようであり、胴長で、後ろ足が短く、魚を食う。道志川にも河童はおり、子供が食われてしまったという話もある。昔の人に話を聞くと、しばしば言われる頭の上の皿もないものと言われている。(神奈川県史)

ということでこれはカワウソ的なモノなんじゃないかという感じである。実際後に引く話ではカワウソのいたずらだと言っている。で、このカッパをどうも「かわてんごー」というようなのだが、川天狗ということだろう。そうすると正しく「狗」を引いていることになる。

・夜中に川へ行くと、真っ暗な中を火の玉が転がってくることがあるが、これは川天狗というものである。これが出た時には、河原の石の上を洗い清めて、取れた魚を供えると消えるのだという。(神奈川県史)

さらにはこのように火の玉と密接に繋がった存在とされている。『日本書紀』舒明紀の天狗(あまつきつね)のようなイメージがあるいはあるのかもしれない。

・仁助兄弟が、三沢村三井の霧ヶ瀬で網打ちをしていると、鮎がたくさん捕れ、天狗様がやきもちをやかぬように、いつもの通り、ハラワタを抜いた2、3尾の鮎を生簀の板の上に並べて贄を捧げた。しかし、天狗様の気に入らなかったのか、大きな火の玉が舟に落ち、兄弟はびっくりして家に逃げ帰った。このテンゴーサマはカワウソのいたずらだという。(民俗)

おおよそ全体的にどのようなものか皆語られている例というとこんなだろうか。火の玉でカワウソで魚を沢山獲るとやきもちを焼くのがテンゴーサマ・川天狗・河童ということのようだ。一方津久井の火の玉の怪の原因の多くは狐とされるが、案外狐と河童が近い所にいるのかもしれない。
- reference : hunterslog.net/dragonology -


丹沢湖 Kawatengu from Lake Tazawako 神奈川県山北町


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten/251-300

「西丹沢・丹沢湖畔の川天狗」
When the 三保ダム dam was built to make Lake Tazawako, many homes were lost and to appease their spirits, various stone Buddha statues were replaced here.
Behind the 神縄トンネルTunnel is a stone statue of the Kawa Tengu.
The deity Hakuryuushin 白竜神 Hakuryu Shin (White Dragon Deity) is also venerated with a stone memorial.


.............................................................................. Mie 三重県
員弁郡 Inabe district 梅戸井村 Umedoi

After it has rained, there sometimes was a fire ball in the 松林 pine forest, and people were afraid of it.
During the early Edo period, a Kawa Tengu begun to pass around there and the fire got even larger 猛火 with roaring flames. Sometimes the road could not be used at all. People had to put their 草履 straw sandals on the head and apologize before passing.


.............................................................................. Saitama 埼玉県

氷川の小河内から山を越して温泉帰りの道すがら、夜明頃ガラガラと山腹から白い河の水面にしぶきを上げて落ちてゆく川天狗を見た。

.......................................................................
秩父郡 Chichibu district

大水が出ると川天狗が出るという。父が、天狗様を祀る天狗の木の川下で、洪水で広くなった川の中程に真っ赤な川天狗を見たという。二つの大岩の中間で川面が2つに割れ、高さ1間半の真っ赤な小岩のような天狗が突き出て八方をにらみ、一瞬にして消えたという。

.......................................................................
Chichibu 大滝村 Otaki

Someone was fishing in the pond below the waterfall. The first time he got about 15 river fish, but the second time he threw the net in the pond, there was a silvery light shimmering in the water and the terrible voice of the Kawa Tengu could be heard:
"I allowed you one time, but a second time is not allowed!"
1回目は許すが2回目は許さねえぞ



.............................................................................. Tokyo 東京都

あるとき、川狩をしていたら。突然火の玉が現れたので、驚いて逃げ帰った。また、同じところで別の人々が魚捕りをしていたら、どこからか小石が飛んできて怖くなったので逃げた。翌朝見に行くと捕った魚は一尾もなかった。川天狗の仕業。
.
夜間出漁した漁師が川天狗に邪魔されることが往々にあったが、物慣れた漁師だと捕った魚を石の上に並べ「かけごをあげるから悪戯を止めてください」と唱えて祈ると利目がある。
.
川狩に行った帰り、提灯がこちらに近づいてきて話し声もするので隠れると、間近に来て提灯の火は消え声もしなくなったので、不思議に思いながら帰宅してみると、魚がすっかり捕られていた。
.
夜、水田で鰌をとった帰り、後ろの方でざわざわと音がするので振り返ると、見える限り一面が洪水になっていた。駆け出す拍子に水田の中に転び、鰌を入れた籠を取り落とした。夜が明けてもついに籠は見つからなかった。川天狗の話。

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小河内村 Ogochimura

大畑淵には昔川天狗が棲んでいて、あるとき嫁をもらった。ある夜天狗の嫁がある家に膳椀を借りに来たので、喜んで貸すと、いつの間にか返してあってみみずが入っていた。熱病の人にみみずを煎じて飲ますと全快した。


.............................................................................. Yamagata 山形県

Mizu Tengu 水天狗 "Water Tengu"
The most famous of them is Enkooboo 円光坊 Enko-Bo from Haguro San, one of the three mountains of Dewa.
山形県出羽三山にひとつ羽黒山の水天狗円光坊
He protected the people of the region who were involved in the transport of goods on the river 最上川 Mogamigawa.
七千日護摩行者長教 illustration shows him with a mouth like a bird or a Kappa.




source : ikkaisai on twitter
Scroll of Sankooboo 三光坊 Sanko-Bo and 水天狗 円光坊 Mizu Tengu Enko-Bo

One of the
. 四十八天狗 48 Tengu of Japan .

羽黒山金光坊 - Konko-Bo, Mount Hagurosan - Yamagata
(Maybe Konko-Bo and Sanko-Bo are two names for the same Tengu. Anyway, there have been quite a lot of minor Tengu on this mountain.)
羽黒山の三天狗 - The Three Tengu of Hagurosan:
金光坊 Konko-Bo, 三光坊 Sanko-Bo and 円光坊 Enko-Bo
- reference -

. Haguro San 羽黒山 . 羽黒出羽三山 Three mountains of Dewa .


.............................................................................. Yamanashi 山梨県

北都留郡 Kitatsuru district

余沢の人が子供のころ、祖父が川の魚をとりに投網を持って夜中に行ったら川天狗が出てきて青くなって逃げたという話を聞いた。大きい人間のように見えたという。何回も見た。害をしたりはせずにただ姿を見せ、水の中(渕)に立つ。今の平山バンガロー付近でみたという。

.......................................................................
西八代郡 Nishiyatsushiro 上九一色村 Kamikuishiki

精進湖には昔から河童が住んでおり、土地の人はこれを川天狗と呼んだ。川天狗は何にでも化ける。ある日漁夫が魚釣りに行くと向こうから小学生くらいの大きさで、あばた面の見知らぬ顔の者が歩いてきた。子供は漁夫に「どこに行く」と言葉をかけて行ってしまった。漁夫はぞっとして川天狗じゃないかと思った。その日は不思議と漁があたったという。
.
夏の夜、精進の者2人が湖水の中の島へ鯉取りに行った。投網を打っていると、一人の子供が湖水の中を歩いて渡ってくる。湖水は深くて立って歩ける筈はない。2人が見ていると子供は湖水を横切って行ってしまった。これも川天狗ではないかということである。
.
儀兵衛というじい様 Grandfather Gihei が精進湖へ網打ちに行き、投網をすると、何か大物がかかったような手応えがあった。網を上げようとしても上がらず、かえって湖の中に引き込まれて行く。じい様は怖くなり網を放り出して逃げ帰り、翌朝行って見ると網は湖端に残っているが、底が破れて大きな穴があいていた。川天狗の仕業ではないかという。

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- source : nichibun yokai database

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !
- reference : kawa tengu -

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. kotowaza ことわざ proverbs and expressions with "Tengu" .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kawatengu -
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hana long nose of Tengu

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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hana ga takai 鼻が高い long nose of a Tengu
hanadaka tengu, hanataka tengu 鼻高天狗 tall-nosed Tengu

lit. with a high nose


source and more photos : xsl99.com/new


Daitengu, or ”Major Tengu.“ Typically appears as man with a very long nose and red face.

- quote
The Buddhist Connection. Why the Long Nose?
The Yamabushi Tengu comes in two flavors -- the long-nosed goblin with human face or
the beak-nosed goblin with human face.

Tengu are always portrayed as having a mischievous sense of humor, for they love playing tricks on those they encounter, especially on pretentious and arrogant Buddhist priests and samurai. Indeed, by the late Kamakura Period, the Tengu become a major literary vehicle for criticising both established and nascent Buddhist sects

The long nose relates to the Tengu’s hatred of arrogance and prejudice. Priests with no true knowledge, prideful individuals, those attached to fame, and those who willfully mislead or misuse the Buddhist cannons are turned into the long-nosed Yamabushi Tengu (or sent to Tengudo, the realm of the Tengu) after their deaths. Corrupt Buddhist monks and corrupt Buddhist monestaries were in fact a major concern throughout Japan’s middle ages. Tengu are thus seen as protectors of the Dharma (Buddhist law), and punish those who mislead the people. Over time, the folklore of tengu and yamabushi become intertwined, and even the crow tengu (karasu tengu) begin wearing the robes and caps of priests.

SARUTAHIKO 猿田彦, 猿田彦神
... the ancestor of the long-nosed Tengu mountain goblin ...
- source : Mark Schumacher

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source : dassai2.p2.weblife.me

Tengu and an Elephant pulling a rope with their long noses.
象の鼻引

. Kawanabe Kyosai 河鍋暁斎 (1831 - 1889) .

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. Tengu ni naru 天狗になる - proverb about the long nose .
To boast and be proud of one's own actions.
If someone boasts too much, another proverb is
hana ga takaku naru 鼻が高くなる "the nose gets long" like that of a Tengu.

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. - - - Join my Tengupedia friends on facebook ! - - - .


- reference : hanadaka tengu -

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #hanatakai #longnosetengu -
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ukiyo-e with Tengu

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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ukiyo-e 浮世絵 Ukiyo-E with Tengu

. Join the Ukiyo-E friends on facebook ! .



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. Kawanabe Kyosai 河鍋暁斎 (1831 - 1889) .


source : dassai2.p2.weblife.me

Tengu and an Elephant pulling a rope with their long noses.
象の鼻引



source : 骨董山策日誌

Hiten to Tengu 飛天と天狗 Apsara and Tengu
. hiten 飛天 Apsara, Apsaras, Heavenly Maidens .


source : mag jaapan pinterest

Long noses yokai - Ashinaga-Tenaga + Tengu


. koboozu hitori tengu hachinin 小坊主ひとり天狗八人 .

. . . CLICK here for more pictures by Kyosai !


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. - - - Join my Tengupedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #ukiyoe -
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proverbs with TENGU

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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kotowaza ことわざ proverbs and expressions with "Tengu"

Since Tengu have such a long history in Japan, there are also quite a few proverbs (Sprichwort)
and expressions weaving around them.


source : tokyobling.wordpress.com

Tengu were considered to be very vain. boastful and narcissistic.
They are also made responsible for natural phenomenon that could not be explained otherwise
at that time in history.
The woodworkers and hunters, who had to spend long, dark nights in the mountain forests, also added to the lore of deeds by the local Tengu, which were seen as a Yokai and sometimes called

furusoma, furu-soma 古杣 "old forest worker"


source : wikipedia *



. Kigo for all winter .
fuyusoma, fuyu soma 冬杣 (ふゆそま) forest worker, woodcutter in winter
Some work in the forest during the daytime (higaeri soma) and to home in the evening, others wander around and stay in a small hut for a few days (nagare soma) and then move on to the next job.
They cut the trees and used the snowy slopes to let the stems glide down to the villages at the foot of the mountains.
somabito 杣人, yamagatsu 山賤 / 山賎 // kikori 木樵
Waldarbeiter, Holzäfller (somabito そまびと)

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koboozu hitori ni tengu hachi nin 小坊主ひとりに天狗八人
koboozu hitori tengu hachinin 小坊主ひとり天狗八人

"A small Kobozu monk facing eight Tengu all by himself.”
signifies an unbalance of power, when many strong ones go for a weak one.
To ignore one’s own weakness even in the face of impossible odds, to face adversary without any realistic hope of success.


- Detail with the Tengu -


source : dassaishooku.p2.weblife.me

. 河鍋暁斎 Kawanabe Kyosai (1831 - 1889) .


. 八天狗 Eight Tengu of Japan .

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Tengubi, tengu no hi 天狗火 Tengu fire
Appears near or over water.
Especially known in Aichi, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Yamanashi.



(3 legends)

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Tengudaoshi, Tengu-daoshi 天狗だおし / 天狗倒し "Tengu knocking down trees"
The sound of cutting down a tree with a saw or ax is heard at night, but next morning nothing is to be seen.
This refers to strange noises in a lonely forest.

This phenomenon of a strange sound is especially known in 茨城県 Ibaragi、埼玉県 Saitama、石川県 Ishikawa、福井県 Fukui、岐阜県 Gifu.

天狗なめし Tengu nameshi (Iwate)(1 legend)
空木返し soraki kaeshi(Fukushima - - - Kagoshima )
空木倒し soraki-daoshi ( Kagoshima)
天クヅシ Ten kuzushi( Miyazaki)
杖突(つえつき) tsuetsuki, tsue tsuki (Tosa)

The following is also heard in the forest, when nobody is there to be seen:

Tengubayashi, tengu no hayashi 天狗囃子 Tengu making music

- - - - - Shizuoka 静岡県 - - - - -

At the shrine 小笠神社 Ogasa Jinja the messenger of the deity is the Tengu, who lives there. In summer, villagers often hear the music of a band, but the folks of the next village never hear this.
Sometimes the Tengu makes a fire and burns the small paths between the rice paddies.
If the water in the paddies becomes too little, they say the Tengu dad been out fishing for small fish. All the fish he gets have 片目 only one eye.


Tengu taiko 天狗太鼓 Tengu playing the drums

Tengu warai 天狗笑い Tengu laughing

- - - - - Niigata 新潟県 Shiozawa 塩沢町 - - - - -

Working in the mountain forests or walking along a lonely mountain road, sometimes people hear 高笑い a very high laughing voice, アハハハハ ahahahaha, which reveberates all round the mountain. This is the local Tengu laughing.
So even now, if a person laughts very loud and in a high voice, people call it
Tengu no taka warai 天狗の高笑.




天狗倒し Tengudaoshi - by 大佛次郎 Daibutsu Jiro (1897 - 1973)


- further reference : wikipedia -

23 legends to explore

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Tengu kakushi 天狗隠し kidnapped by a Tengu, hidden by a Tengu
a form of kamikakushi, kami kakushi 神隠し kidnapped by the Gods
Young boys and girls were lost in the forest (abducted and captured by a Tengu) and sometimes appeared later, either forgetting everything or full of knowledge (since the Tengu Mountain Priest) were learned persons and educated their young captives.
- also called
Tengu sarai 天狗攫い


from 西京新聞

- reference : wikipedia - *



source : el-aura.com/the-tengu
人間が魔界に落ちると天狗になる?

- - - - - Saitama 埼玉県 - - - - -
Once a young man suddenly disappeared and the villagers, thinking he was abducted by a Tengu, went looking to him for no avail. After more than 15 days he came back, with torn robes and almost out of his wits. He had walked around the mountains with a Tengu, slept with the Tengu during the daytime and the Tengu had given him food during this time.


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Tengu no miakashi, mi-akashi 天狗の御燈 light made by a Tengu

a form of roojinbi 老人火, 怪火 ghost fire


竹原春泉斎 Takehara Shunsensai (late Edo period, active 1789-1817)

- reference : wikipedia - *

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Tengu ni naru 天狗になる to become a Tengu, to act like a Tengu


source : torihide.blog14.fc2.com

To boast and be proud of one's own actions.
If someone boasts too much, another proverb is
hana ga takaku naru 鼻が高くなる "the nose gets long" like that of a Tengu.


- jiman suru to Tengu ni naru 自慢すると天狗になる Legends from Gifu 岐阜県 -

- - - - - Hida region 飛騨地方 - - - - -
ある男が旅先で宿泊した家で、天狗が集まり顔見知りを仲間に入れようとして鉛の熱湯を飲ませるのを見た。家に帰るとその顔見知りはいなくなっていた。その人は自慢ばかりをする人なので邪道に落ちたのだろう。

- - - - - Takayama 高山市 - - - - -
子守女の息子が3歳の時、畑仕事の途中で行方不明になった。後に平湯峠で同村の者がその息子と出会った。その子が言うには天狗にさらわれ修行を積み、今ではどこでも好きなところに飛んでいけるようになったという。


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Tengu ni karakasa torareta yoo 天狗に唐傘取られたよう
The umbrella is taken away by a Tengu.
(天狗風 tengu kaze 突風)strong sudden gust or blast of wind, "Tengu wind")
Refers to something you have on influence on and have to endure without resisting.


天狗風 - 宮部みゆき Miyabe Miyuki
Reigen Ohatsu Torimono Hikae 霊験お初捕物控




This shochu 焼酎 has a mellow taste of prominent sweet potato and complimented by the sweet fragrance of the sweet potato.
source : whistler.com.sg/products


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Tengu no kinobori 天狗の木登り Tengu climbs a tree
example for something that never happens and is thus quite impossible and ridiculous.
After all, Tengu can fly up a mountain . . .

- - - - - Tokushima 徳島県 - - - - -
Once a 小僧 young monk, who liked to climb trees, became a Tengu.
One night he appeared at the bedside of his Master priest and told him to build a small Hokura 祠 sanctuary at the back of the mountain. From there he would protect the area from fires. So the priest built a shrine, 秋葉神社 Akiba Jinja.

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Tengu no koogeki, kōgeki 天狗の攻撃 Kogeki assault of a tengu

Most Great Tengu 大天狗 live alone in a region, only allowing some Karasu Tengu to be their followers.
Sometimes they produce the 天狗火 "Tengu fire" (see above) to show and protect their territory.
This is done by kawa tengu 川天狗 "river Tengu".
If people go fishing late in the evening, they might feel someone attacking them on the way home.

. kawatengu, kawa tengu 川天狗 "river Tengu" .

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Tengu no nagesan 天狗の投げ算 to tell an unbelievable story
でたらめ.
Tengu throws the divining sticks (算木) or a coin to divine the future.
There is a line in Kyogen
「これは天狗の投げ算と申して、他の家にはござらぬ算でござる」

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Tengu tsubute 天狗つぶて / 天狗礫 "Tengu throwing stones"
A stone falling from nowhere. (So it must have been thrown by a Tengu.)
Hail is known as tengu tsubute.
In English it is sometimes called ファフロツキーズ Fafrotskies.
Other legends blame this phenomenon on a 狸 Tanuki or kitsune 狐 Fox.
If someone is hit by such a stone, he will fall ill. 
If someone looks at this, he will have a bad hunting season later on, so hunters usually close their eyes if they see something suspicious coming down.



鳥山石燕 Toriyama Sekien
- various legends on this page
- reference : wikipedia -



Shigeru Mizuki told tales of
yama Tengu 山天狗 (Mountain Tengu) and 天狗つべて (Tengu Tsubute)
- reference source : mytwoyenworth.blogspot.jp -


Kuramasan tengu tsubute 鞍馬天狗礫 Goblins Throwing Pebbles on Mt. Kurama
(Ushiwakamaru Koô no mae)
Book by Torii Kiyomitsu I (1735 – 1785)
- rsource : educators.mfa.org/asia -


. tochi no mi no tsubute oroshi ya Buzenboo .
Haiku by Sugita Hisajo 杉田久女

5 legends
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Tengu no yusaburi 天狗の揺さぶり Tengu jolting (a mountain hut)

Sometimes a lonely hut in the mountains begins to shake and rattle (gatagaga ガタガタ).
Even a home where people live all the time might begin to shake.
In 埼玉県比企郡 Saitama, Hiki district, this happens quite often on the slopes of 弓立山 Mount Yumidateyama. If someone dares to peek out of the window, there is a red face of a huge man (a Tengu) lurking.
To avoid harm, people pray to Yama no Kami 山の神, the Deity of the Mountain.

10 legends 天狗 揺

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Tengutobi, Tengu-tobi 天狗跳び to jump like a Tengu

Sometimes a karasu Tengu jumps around to scare off woodworkers in the territory of his master, 大天狗 Great Tengu.



Tengu tobi てんぐ飛び - - Video of a folk tale
- source : dailymotion.com/video -

6 legends 跳ね上げら
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tsuri Tengu ni kikimimi nashi 釣り天狗に聞き耳なし
"a fishing Tengu has no ear for others".
People who like fishing usually tell their own stories and budge in on others with their 自慢話 own bragging.

13 legends 釣 天狗

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Tigers, Devils, and Fools: A Guide to Japanese Proverbs
By Edward Trimnell
- source : books.google.co.jp -


- reference : 天狗 ことわざ -

- reference : jama103dajo.at.webry.info - *

Mount Takao Tengu - Tengu at Kenchoji Kamakura (Hanzobo)
- source : tokyobling.wordpress.com -

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

- reference : nichibun Yokai database -

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. - - - Join my Tengupedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kotowaza #tenguproverbs #proverbs -
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