Showing posts with label - - Yokai Monsters Demons - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - Yokai Monsters Demons - -. Show all posts

8/24/2017

Ino Heitaro Mononoke Roku

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Ino Heitaro 稲生平太郎 and Gonpachi 権八(Gompachi)

The year is 1749. The place is 三好市 広島県 Miyoshi town in Hiroshima.
Heitaro was a samurai of the domain.
He and his friend Gonpachi tried a contest of courage, involving an encounter with various Yokai.
This was a popular summer game reminding people of the
. Hyakki Yagyō 百鬼夜行 "The Night Parade of a Hundred Demons" .

In May they went up to 比熊山 Higumayama and lit 100 candles. Now each one of them had to tell a Yokai ghost story and after each story, one candle was put out.
After the last story was told the last candle was blown out and the two waited in the darkness for any Yokai to make their appearance.
Anyway,
no Yokai appeared for some time that night, so they went back home. But come July, the monsters begun to appear to haunt them . . .
And this story is told in the famous

稲生物怪録 The Ghost Experience of Mr. Ino
- いのうもののけろく Ino Mononoke Roku

- いのうぶっかいろく Ino Bukkai Roku


CLICK for more spooky photos !

For one month, various Yokai appeared day and night, trying to frighten Heitaro, but he never lost his calm and slept well at night.
For example, a huge toad appeared in his cupboard in the evening, with a red rope around its body . . . so Heitaro grabbed the rope and slept . . .
The next morning, the toad showed its real appearance, just the usual big box for cloths in the cupboard.




Another evening, a woman with a long neck came out of the Tokonoma niche from his room
and tried to lick him all night.
But he just ignored her completely and slept well till morning.



Eventually the Yokai gave up, praised his fearlessness and - in a swoop - disappeared from his garden.

This story soon became a picture scroll for all to enjoy.
稲生物怪録絵巻 Ino Mononoke Roku Emaki.

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- quote - YOHEI IZUMIDA -
Spooky ‘yokai’ ghost museum to lure tourists to Hiroshima


An illustration from “Hyakki Yagyo Emaki,” a narrative scroll painting depicting a parade of yokai (Provided by the city government of Miyoshi, Hiroshima Prefecture)

MIYOSHI, Hiroshima Prefecture--
An enthusiast’s extensive collection of paraphernalia related to the "yokai" supernatural beings of Japanese folklore is to be housed in its own museum as part of efforts to attract more visitors here.
The city government decided to construct a purpose-built museum to showcase about 3,000 yokai items amassed by Koichi Yumoto forming the main attraction. The museum is scheduled to open in 2018.

“I want to hand down to posterity Japan’s original culture generated by Japanese people’s imagination,” Yumoto, 66, of Tokyo's Edogawa Ward, has said.
He started collecting yokai-related works of art about 30 years ago, and has spent more than 100 million yen ($882,450) on his hobby to date.

The collection includes precious items, such as “Hyakki Yagyo Emaki,” a narrative scroll painting depicting a parade of yokai, and the renowned ukiyo-e artist Katsushika Hokusai’s spooky tale-themed “nishiki-e” multicolored woodblock print “Hyaku Monogatari” (100 stories).

Miyoshi, located in a mountainous region, has been seeking ways to revitalize itself by taking advantage of the local “mononoke” evil spirits culture.

The area is famous as the setting for “Ino Mononoke Roku,” a story about a young man who battles with evil spirits from the Edo period (1603-1867).

Yumoto’s collection provided a perfect opportunity, and the city teamed up with the yokai enthusiast who had been looking for a facility to display and manage his collection.
Yumoto signed a deal with the city at the end of 2016 to hand over his collection for free on condition that the city would establish a museum specializing in yokai.
The total project cost is estimated at 1.2 billion yen.

“I think yokai are happy about finally having their own museum,” said Yumoto.

Miyoshi Mayor Kazutoshi Masuda expressed his gratitude, saying: “We greatly appreciate the donation of such precious materials. We would like to invigorate the city by utilizing the collection.”
- reference source : Asahi Shinbun 2017 -







平田篤胤が解く稲生物怪録【編著】荒俣宏
Ino mononoke-roku  illustrated by Hirata Atsutane


- another book about the Ino Mononoke Roku

Ino Mononoke Roku to yokai no sekai, Miyoshi no yokai emaki
Hiroshima Kenritsu Rekishi Minzoku Shiryokan, 2004


Miyoshi Fudoki-no-oka History and Folklore Museum
Displays on the history, folklore and archeology of the Chugoku mountain region.
If you have kids who are going to Japanese school or have a high level of Japanese language skills, there are quite a few fun worksheet activities and quizzes to try.
Fragments of the yokai hobgoblins which appear in the Edo-era Ino Mononoke Roku ghost story set in Miyoshi are also scattered around the museum – find them all and stamp your notebook with a special stamp.
- source : ethiroshima.com/museums-attractions... -

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稲生神社 Ino Jinja

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Yokoyama Shigeo 横山茂雄
(1954 - )

The writer Yokoyama Shigeo uses the pen name - Ino Heitaro 稲生平太郎

柳田国男と水野葉舟における怪談観の特徴を焦点化した横山茂雄「怪談の近代 」

神の聖なる天使たち[横山茂雄]

『何かが空を飛んでいる』稲生平太郎 (横山茂雄)

責任編集 若島正+横山茂雄「ドーキー・アーカイヴ」(全10巻)

放課後の物騙り、存在の夏休み――稲生平太郎/横山茂雄

- source : wikipedia


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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #yokoyamashigeo #inoheitaro -
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5/20/2017

Buson Yokai Monster Scroll

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Buson Yokai Emaki 蕪村妖怪絵巻 Buson Monster Scroll

. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 (1715 - 1783) Painter and Poet .
- Introduction -

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おれのはらのかわをためしてみおれ、にゃあ、にゃあ
try to shoot the skin of my belly, nyaa, nyaa


He painted this scroll while he was living in 丹後 Tango, 京都府宮津市 Kyoto, Miyazu city from 1754 - 1757.
The original did not show any colors, but a replica (like the above copy) introduced some colors to it.

A replica had been found in 1928 in 北田紫水文庫, a library.
There are 8 scrolls, each showing a Yokai with an explanation, which Buson might have encountered during his extensive travels in Japan.
The Yokai paintings are rather humorous and not so much scary, maybe reflecting Buson's history of a 俳画 Haiga painter.

The eight Yokai introduced are
榊原家の化け猫 Sakakibara family - bake-neko monster cat
林一角坊の前に現れた赤子の怪 Priest Hayashi Ikkaku and the Akago monster baby
京都帷子が辻のぬっぽり坊主 Kyoto Katabiragatsuji crossroads - Nuppori Bozu - see Shirime
遠州の夜なきばば Enshu (Shizuoka) - yonaki baba
山城の真桑瓜の化物 Yamashiro - Makura uri - melon monster
木津の西瓜の化物 Kizu - suika water melon monster
東北横手のうぶめ Tohoku, Yokote - Ubume wet nurse monster



鎌倉若八幡銀杏の化物 Kamakura Waka-Hachiman Gingko Tree Monster
化け銀杏の精(ばけいちょうのせい)/ 化け銀杏の霊(ばけいちょうのれい)
Its face, arms and legs are yellow. It wears a black robe and hits a prayer gong.
In former times, the Gingko tree was seen as unlucky. If someone planted it in his home, disaster would follow soon.

- Look at them here - ゲゲゲの蕪村妖怪絵巻
京都府立丹後資料館「与謝蕪村と丹後」
- reference source : kensyouji.main.jp/buson_youkai -


- reference : Buson monster scroll


. The Kamakura Gingko Tree - Introduction .

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- quote -
Shirime 尻目 lit. "buttocks eye" - “butt eye”
is a strange yōkai with an eye in the place of his anus.
The story goes as follows:
Long ago, a samurai was walking at night down the road to Kyōto, when he heard someone calling out for him to wait. "Who's there?!" he asked nervously, only to turn around and find a man stripping off his clothes and pointing his bare buttocks at the flabbergasted traveler. A huge glittering eye then opened up where the strange man's anus should have been.

This creature was so liked by the haiku poet and artist Buson, he included it in many of his yōkai paintings.
- source : wikipedia -

京、かたびらが辻ぬっぽり坊主のばけもの。 めはなもなく、一ツの眼、尻の穴に有りて、 光ることいなづまのごとし。

“In Kyoto, at the Katabira crossroads, there is a monster called nuppori-bōzu.
It has no eyes or nose, but a single eyeball, located in its butthole, which shines like lightning.”
MatthewMeyer.net

- further reference : shirime -


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tsukumogami 付喪神 Yokai of old household items


bake-zoori 化け草履 Yokai sandals


. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 .

古池に草履沈みてみぞれかな
furu-ike ni zoori shizumite mizore kana

In an old pond
a straw sandal half sunken --
wet snow!

Tr. Shiffert


Straw sandal
half sunk in an old pond
in the sleety snow.  

Tr. Robert Hass

Buson was quite fond of Yokai and 付喪神 Tsukumogami.
Someone had cast away the old sandal and the sleet gave the atmosphere of loneliness,
even remembering Basho in the first line.

The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.

. tsukumogami 付喪神 - Introduction .

. Japanese Ghost Stories 怪談話 Kaidanbanashii - Introduction .

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

Buson has written some haiku about the Oni.

. Togakushi Shrine 戸隠神社 - Nagano .

鬼すだく戸隠のふもとそばの花
oni sudaku Togakushi no fumoto soba no hana

the demon is out -
at the food of Mount Togakushi
buckwheat flowers

Tr. Gabi Greve


- quote Sean Donnan Art -
CLICK for more photos !

Buson is talking about
kijo momiji 鬼女紅葉 The Female Demon called "Momiji"

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鬼老て河原の院の月に泣く
oni oite kawara no in no tsuki ni naku

Even the ogre has grown old and
At the Kawara Palace
Weeps in the moonlight.

Tr. Thomas McAuley

Kawara no In - "Riverside Villa" of the courtier Minamoto no Torn (822-895) .
- reference : "Kawara no in" -

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花見戻り丹波の鬼のすだく夜に
hanami modori Tanba no oni no sudaku yo ni

鬼灯や清原の女が生き写し
hoozuki ya kiyohara no onna ga iki-utsushi

鬼王が妻におくれしふすまかな
oni oo ga tsuma ni okureshi fusuma kana

鬼すだく露のやどりやのちの月
oni sudaku tsuyu no yadori ya nochi no tsuki

鬼貫や新酒の中の貧に処す
Onitsura ya shinshu no naka no bin ni shosu
ー 鬼貫は伊丹の造り酒屋の息子さんでお金持ちだったとのこと句の意味はこれから調べてみます


焼火して鬼こもるらし夜の雪
takibi shite oni komoru rashi yoru no yuki

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

- reference - buson yokai emaki-

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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #busonmonsterscroll #yosabusonyokaiemaki -
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5/02/2017

kaiju mythological beasts

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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kaijuu 怪獣 Kaiju - mythological beasts and animals
genjuu 幻獣 Genju, mysterious creature, cryptid



CLICK for more books on the subject !
日本の幻獣図譜: 大江戸不思議生物出現録
湯本豪一 Yumoto Koichi (1950 - )

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. bakeneko, bake-neko 化け猫, 化猫 "monster cat .



The Supernatural Cats of Japan
by Zack Davisson

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. daija, orochi 大蛇 / おろち / オロチ the huge serpent, great snake - .

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. futamata kaijuu 二股怪獣 monster animal with two tails .
like a cat

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. Kappa 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - the Water Goblin of Japan! .


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. mimizu - oomimizu 大蚯蚓 / オオミミズ large earthworm .
Sometimes a serpent shape-shifts into an earthworm (or vice-versa) to make mischief in a village.
and
kera ケラ(螻蛄)mole cricket


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. nue 鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥 the Nue monster .
a monster beast with the head of a monkey, breast of a Tanuki badger, scales like a dragon, a tail of a serpent and hands and feet like a tiger. His voice was that of a Nue.

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. ryuu, ryū 龍 / 竜 Ryu - The Dragon . .
Ryuujin 龍神, 竜神 Ryujin, the Dragon God

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Oni 鬼 - Mamono 魔物

. Kaiju no tsuno 怪獣 と角 beasts with horns .
kitsuneoni, kitsune-oni 狐鬼 fox-demon
kumaoni, kuma-oni 熊鬼 bear-demon
- - - - - onikuma oni-kuma 鬼熊 Demon-Bear Yokai
nekooni, neko-oni 猫鬼 cat-demon
torioni, tori-oni 鳥鬼 "bird demon" - bird skulls with horns

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. Shinchuu, Shinchū 神虫 Shinchu, "The Divine Insect" .
a deity depicted as a silkworm moth.
It has a great appetite for Oni demons, devouring 3000 in the morning and 300 in the evening.

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. Tanuki 狸 Badger, Racoon Dog .

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. Tengu 天狗 "Heavenly Dog", Mountain Goblin .

. karasu tengu no miira 烏天狗のミイラ mummy of a Karasu Tengu .


Hakone Miyaginomura no Tengu 箱根宮城野村の天狗
After a wildfire in the region, this body of a Tengu was discovered in 1749.




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. tsuchigumo 土蜘蛛 "earth spider" , "ground spider" .


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. yakan 野干 a monster beast from ancient China .
probably ジャッカル jakkaru, jackal, or maybe a kitsune 狐 fox.


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妖怪幻獣百物語 - Exhibition of Kaiju and Genju
2014

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The Old Chinese Sutra about Mountain and Sea Creatures
Sengai-Kyo 山海経 Classic of the Mountains and Seas
古代中国で編纂された地理と博物学の本


. . . CLICK here for more Photos of 山海経 !

Click on any of the clickable words.
http://www.chinjuh.mydns.jp/sengai/p01.htm




怪奇鳥獣図巻 - 大和絵になった『山海経』の世界
- reference source : kousakusha.co.jp/DTL/kaiki -


Sengai kyo 山海経 (Classic of the Mountains and Seas)
- source : British Museum -

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


............................................................................ Akita 秋田県

北秋田郡 Kita Akita gun 上小阿仁村 Kamiko Ani (Kamikoani)
. Sake 酒 and local (monster) legends 妖怪伝説 .


............................................................................ Ehime 愛媛県
上浮穴郡 久万高原町

鵺 nue 猿神 sarugami 蛇神 hebigami 犬神 inugami

源頼政の母の病が重かった頃、頭は猿、尾は蛇に似た鵺という怪獣が京都の紫宸殿に現れ、頼政が退治を命じられた。仁平3年4月7日、頼政は母から贈られた矢で鵺を射落とした。その夜、母は他界したが、鵺は現れなくなったという。退治された鵺は斬られて摂津の川尻へ流されたが、四国に流れ着いて祟りをなしたとか、頭は讃岐に着き猿神に、尾は伊予で蛇神に、手足は土佐、阿波に着いて犬神になったともいわれる。


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
23 to explore (01)

- Japanese reference 怪獣 -

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- - - - - H A I K U - - - - -

怪獣ごっこ紙風船にもう飽きて
高澤良一

怪獣に撃たれ振出し絵双六
今村夏子

怪獣のなかより夏風邪の男
大石雄鬼

怪獣を真似て幼児が北風に向く
宮下元恵

怪獣軍団ずらり昼寝の枕元
川村紫陽

- reference : haikureikudb - 怪獣 -

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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kaijuabc #kaijumonster -
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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

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9/28/2016

Raiju Thunder Yokai

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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raijuu Raijū 雷獣 Raiju Thunder Beast Yokai

. Kaminari Rai 雷 and the Thunder Deities .
- Introduction -
raijin 雷神 God of Thunder

A thunderbolt comes with thunder and lightning. 音と稲妻を伴った雷.

Yakusanoikazuchi 八雷神 Yakusa no ikazuchi no kami
The "eight kinds of thunder kami"


source : facebook

raisama らいさま "Honorable Thunder Man"

Raichu ポケモン ライチュウ is a manga figure in the Pikachu world and in (Pokémon) Pokemon games.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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tenpi, tenbi, tenka 天火 "fire from heaven"
天火(落雷 rakurai) lightning
hi no tama 火の玉 ball of fire




日本各地に伝わる怪火の一種。江戸時代の奇談集『絵本百物語』や、松浦静山の随筆『甲子夜話』などの古典に記述があるほか、各地の民間伝承としても伝わっている。
Aichi, Saga, Kumamoto with legends

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Yanagida Kunio 柳田國男 has told a few legends about the 天火.

In Nara this is . じゃんじゃん火 Janjanbi. .

. kitsunebi 狐火 (きつねび) "fox fire" .

. kaika 怪火 fireball, atmospheric ghost lights yokai from Shiga and Kyoto. .
and Abura-bo 油坊 Oil Priest

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- Look at more photos here :
- reference source : ja.wikipedia.org/wiki -


- quote
Raiju is the companion of Raijin, the Shinto god of lightning.
While the beast is generally calm and harmless, during thunderstorms, it becomes agitated and leaps about in trees, fields, and even buildings (trees that have been struck by lightning are said to have been scratched by Raiju's claws).

Another of Raiju's peculiar behaviors is sleeping in human navels and thus harms the person in whose belly the demon is resting. Superstitious people therefore often sleep on their stomachs during bad weather, but other legends say that Raiju will only hide in the navels of people who sleep outdoors.

Its body is composed of lightning and may be in the shape of a cat, fox, weasel, or wolf. It may also fly about as a ball of lightning (the creature might be an attempt to explain the phenomenon of lightning). It's cry sounds like thunder.
- source : yokai.wikia.com/wiki/Raiju



CLICK for more photos !

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
渥美郡 Atsumi district

If people walk around at night, sometimes it is as bright as daylight. They call it
tenbi 天火(てんび) fire from heaven
In 岐阜県 Gifu 揖斐郡 in the Ibi district during summer evenings there is a pillar of light toward heaven.
They call it
tenpi 天火(てんぴ)fire from heaven.


............................................................................ Akita 秋田県

During a thunderstorm, lightning strikes and the Raiju climbs up a tree.
Lightning is also called tenpi 天火 "fire from heaven".

kutooken 狗頭犬 Kutoken / 狗頭の神. 狗頭の神 Dog-headed Deity
Sometimes on a fine day there is a very sudden thunderbolt and then it is fine again.
Once a tsuki 槻 keyaki tree begun to burn for seven days. When they checked its ashes, the villagers found three bones of a Kutoken yokai dog.

.......................................................................
In a home in Senboku, the Raiju (lightning) stuck a home and it burned for seven days and seven nights.


............................................................................ Gifu 岐阜県
金山町 Kanayama

There was once a schoolteacher with a scar of a burn on her cheek. When she was a child, there was a thunderbolt and the Raiju Yokai got wild and scratched her cheek.
Now the children call her Yuudachi sama 夕立様, Miss Evening Rain.
Yudachi evening rain often comes with a thunderbolt.

.......................................................................
藤橋村 Fujibashi

Tenpi is the same as hi no tama 火の玉 "ball of fire".
It raced across the evening sky. Sometimes it makes a big noise.
This only happens in summer.


............................................................................ Fukushima 福島県
浪江町 Namie

At the temple Daishooji 大聖寺 Daisho-Ji
Around 1720 at a small shrine within the temple compound there was a Raiju which could not find its way back to heaven. The priest stuck a long pole in the ground to help it climb up.
When the officials heard the story, they thought the temple must be blessed especially and gave it a lot of land as special reward.



............................................................................ Hyogo 兵庫県
神戸市 Kobe

On the night of the 地蔵盆 Jizo Bon rituals
six or seven friends were standing outside talking, when suddenly a 天火 heavenly fire appeared.
It became all light and when they looked around they saw something like a piece of burning magnesium, which made a sound and climbed from the middle of the fields right up to heaven.


. Jizoo Bon 地蔵盆 Jizo Bon Ritual .
August 24


............................................................................ Ibaraki茨城県
久慈郡 Kuji district

If there is a loud thunder during the nawashiro 苗代 rice nursery season, the Raiju comes down from heaven and destroys the fields. If there is thunder, the villagers walk through the mountains and make noise with bamboo sticks to drive the beast out.
Others place bamboo poles in the rice nurseries. This would help the Raiju to find its way back to heaven before doing harm to the field.



............................................................................ Kanagawa 神奈川県
三浦市 Miura

Kaminari is called オカンダチ Okandachi in the local dialect.
If a tree is struck by lightning and shows a scar from it, they say its was the nail of the Raiju Yokai, which tried to climb up the tree to reach the sky.


............................................................................ Kumamoto 熊本県

The Raiju is almost as large as a paper lantern and has a tail. If it falls from the sky on a roof, there will be a fire.

.......................................................................
玉名郡 Tamana district

Tenbi is a Yokai light. Some come with a tail of fire.
If it is seen, this may be the forboding of more desaster.

.......................................................................
天草諸島 Amakusa islands

A man from 鬼池村 Oniike village went out fishing, but the villagers did not like him, treated him badly and eventually he died.
Since then, every night there was a ball of fire flying over the 鬼池 Oni-Ike "Demon pond" .
Once the fire fell into the shrubs and it begun to burn, in fact, the whole village bunrnt down. The villagers thought this must have been a curse of the fisherman.
So they built a statue of 地蔵尊 Jizo Bosatsu on the place where he died and prayed for his soul, expecially on winter nights.


............................................................................ Mie 三重県

Old records tell of a Raiju being caught. On a painting it looks similar to a tanuki 狸 badger. But someone else caught one too and said it looked quite different.


............................................................................ Nagano 長野県

On 加賀国の白山 Mount Hakusan of the Kaga domain and on 信濃国の浅間山 Mount Asama of the Shinano domain there live Raiju. They look a bit like a fox. When they get caught, people bring them to Kyoto or Osaka to show for money. They place them in a net of iron and do not give them anything to eat or drink. When there seems to come an evening shower, the hair of the Yokai begin to stand on edge and their owners place a straw mat over the iron net.

There is also a powerful bird
kaminari no tori 雷の鳥 Thunder Bird
which eats the Raiju. Many of these birds live on Mount Hakusan.


. Asama yama, Asamayama 浅間山 Mount Asama .
active volcano in Nagano and Gunma

.......................................................................
茅野市 Chino

In a cave in the middle of the mountain lives the 雷獣 Raiju, venerated as
Raijin 雷神 the Deity of Thunder.
Near the hole there is a lot of white hair, almost like that of a cat.
This Deity has the form of a small dog and others say the hair looks like that of a tanuki 狢 badger. The space around his eyes is black, the nose long and small and its tail short.
The skin on the soles of his feet is soft like that of a child and it has five legs.
In winter it digs a hole and sleeps.
It is usually quite gentle and likes humans, but when it rains, it becomes wild.

.......................................................................

Once in a year with very strong rain two beasts came floating down the river, quite dead.
Their eyes were large like that of a dog, their fur ashen and the head long. The tail looked like that of a fox and the nails like that of a hawk.


............................................................................ Okayama 岡山県
浅口郡 Asakuchi district, 里庄町 Satosho

Once there was a thunderbolt at 虚空蔵山 Mount Kokuzo-Yama. But Kokuzo Bosatsu caught the Yokai and told him "If you do that once again at this place, I will not let you go unpunished!"
Since that time, there has not been a thunderbolt any more.
The villagers were very pleased about it and now have a festival every year on January 13.
In other parts they also know that if you venerate Kokuzo Bosatsu, there will be no thunderbolt.

. Kokuuzoo, Kokūzō 虚空蔵菩薩 Kokuzo Bosatsu .
Akashagarbha Bodhisattva


............................................................................ Saga 佐賀県
東松浦郡 Higashimatsuura district

In the Sage region, the 天火 Tenpi is called hi no tama 火の玉 ball of fire.
This ball with a long tail flies slanting, trying to hide. But it is said to cause fires and if people see it, they use drums and ritual bells to drive it away.

If the 天火 Tenpi enters a home, someone will become ill. So they drive it away with drums and ritual bells. Sometimes even the weather improves after this.


............................................................................ Saitama 埼玉県

On the land of the Nagai family in 岩槻 Iwaki the Raiju came down, run around in the fields, but the villagers got hold of him. It did not eat anything and died soon in his capture. So they took the carcass and stuffed it. It looked like a small dog, with sharp nails like a bear.

............................................................................ Shiga 滋賀県
甲賀郡 Koka district

aburabi (aburahi) 油火 "oil fire"
At mount 油日岳 Aburahidake (694m)
. Aburahi Jinja 油日神社 Aburahi Shrine, Shiga .



............................................................................ Shimane 島根県
邑智郡 Ochi district, 瑞穂町 Mizuho

When a thunderbold comes dow, its like the Raiju scratching a tree and the scars of its claws can be seen on the tree bark. Some villagers even say they have seen the Raiju run up a tree after lightning has stuck it.


............................................................................ Tochigi 栃木県

At 烏山 Mount Karasuyama there lived a strange beast, a Raiju. It looked like a mouse but was about as big as a weasel. During summer there were often holes in the mountain and this beast showed its head. When it saw a suitable cloud, this Raiju jumped on it and made its way to heaven.
Sometimes hunters went after this creature in spring, but never caught it.


............................................................................ Tokushima 徳島県

During the Edo period there had been a thunderbolt hitting a boat on the sea. After that they found a strange beast like an otter on the boat.
Since it was such an unusual being, they thought it might be a Raiju Yokai and they put the creature in a 見世物 curiosity show.

. kawauso 獺魚 otter, river otter .


............................................................................ Tokyo 東京都

The Raiju does not like rakuda 駱駝 camels, therefore to prevent a thunder and lightning from hitting, people post the image of a camel on their entrance of the home.

.......................................................................
Edo no Nana Fushigi 江戸の七不思議 Seven Wonders of Edo

In the year 1799, a Raiju was caught in Edo !
This was one of the Seven Wonders at that time.

. Edo Nana Fushigi 江戸七不思議 The Seven Wonders of Edo  .


............................................................................ Wakayama 和歌山県
本宮町 Hongu

yabi 矢火 "fire arrow"
A "fire arrow" is read. The red light is not a heavenly sign of something unusual to come. If the light has a bluish tail as it flows over the river, and looks like a ball of fire, then someone in the village has died.
Sometimes it takes time after someone watched a bluish ball of light until the news of a death is given.

..............................................................................................................................................


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

- reference : raiju thunder -

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乱世に似て雷獣の跳梁す

雷獣もその獣性に駈らるらし

相生垣瓜人 Aiaigaki Kajin (1898 - 1985)

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #raiju #thunderyokai -
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9/14/2016

ukiyoe with Yokai

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Ukiyo-E with Yokai 浮世絵と妖怪

- quote
20 Classic Woodblock Prints of Japanese Ghosts and Monsters


20. “The Sailor Tokuso and the Sea Monster.”
19. “The Ghost Oiwa.” Yotsuya Kaidan
18. “The Ghosts of Togo and His Wife”
17. “Various Yokai Flying out of Wicker Clothes Hamper.” omoi tsuzura
16. The Yuki-onna

15. “Ashinaga and Tenaga Fishing.”
14. “Okiku the Well Ghost.”
13. The ghost of Kohada Koeiji,
12. “A Ghost Appears to Kingo Chunagon.”
11. “Child’s Nightmare of Ghosts.”

10. “Takiyasha the Witch and the Skeleton Spectre.”
9. immortal sage Gama-Sennin. The giant toad i
8. “Oiwa the Lantern Ghost.”
7. Print from Kuniyoshi’s “Bakemono Chunshingura”
6. Depiction of a scene from the kabuki play “Ume no hara gojusan tsugi”.

5. “The Priest Raigo of Mii Temple Transformed By Wicked Thoughts into a Rat.”
4. “The Woman Shizunome Oyaku.”
3. “The Ghost of Kamata Matahachi.” and Kikuno and Mari Yashiro
2. A print of tengu and other demon masks. Utagawa Kunisada.
1. “The Laughing Demon.”

- Look at the pictures here:
- source : bizarreandgrotesque.co

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Morimiya Art 森宮古美術 
- reference source : morimiya.net/online/youkaiyuurei -

北為 Hokui - ‐平知盛亡霊‐ -- ‐髑髏・骸骨‐

清親 Kiyochika - -新田義興霊-

国周 Kunichika - 相馬良門古寺之図

国宗 Kunimune -羅生門・鬼-

国貞 Kunisada - 本朝高名鑑 牛若丸

国綱 Kunitsuna - 鞍馬天狗・烏天狗

国芳 KUNIYOSHI - 大物之浦海底之図
- 毛谷村六助』-河童
- 源頼光公館土蜘作妖怪図 : -囲碁-
- 五十三次の内 岡崎の場
- 酒田公時・碓井貞光・源次網と妖怪
- 大物浦平家の亡霊 -- -鵺退治-
- 地獄絵 -- 幽霊・夜泣石 -- -鰐鮫- -- 蝦蟇仙人 -- ‐大物浦‐ -- -鬼女紅葉-

暁斎 KYOSAI - おばけの学校
ー 大物之浦海底之図 - -幽霊・亡霊-
ー 江戸の花名勝会 四枚続

二代春章 SyunsyoⅡ Shunsho -
源義仲四天王トともに 木曽の奥山に天狗を退治す

玉国 Tamakuni - 画本西遊記 百鬼夜行ノ図

豊国 Toyokuni - 大森彦七

芳晴 Yoshiharu - 『水滸伝豪傑鏡 花和尚魯智深』-刺青・大蛇- -- 舩火兒張黄

芳員 YOSHIKAZU 『源義経平知盛ノ霊ニ逢図』 -- -土蜘蛛-

芳年 YOSHITOSHI  貞信公夜宮中に怪を懼しむの図
蒲生貞秀臣土岐元貞 甲州猪鼻山魔王投倒図
為朝の武威疫病神を退く図 -- 閻魔大王・地獄-
『新形三十六怪撰 さぎむすめ』
田宮坊太郎宗親』-天狗- -- 托塔天王晁盖 -- -産女-
鬼若丸池中に鯉魚を窺う図』 -武蔵坊弁慶-
-狐火- -茨木童子- -鬼女- -大入道・煙管- and more

芳艶 Yoshitsuya - 木曽山中樋口兼光大猿退治』
- ‐平知盛‐ -大鷲-

- and some more

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #ukiyoeyokai -
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9/02/2016

Hakusanbo

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Hakusanboo 白山坊 Hakusan-Bo, Hakusanbo
The Priest from Hakusan

Hakusan (Shirayama) 白山 "White Mountain", Mount Haku

. Shirayama Hongu Shrine 白山本宮 Ishikawa .
- Introduction -
There are many Hakusan shrines 白山神社 in Japan.
白山寺 Hakusan-ji Temple


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Taichoo, Taichō 泰澄上人 Saint Taicho Shonin / Taicho-Daishi 泰澄大師 (682 ?683 - 767)
Etsu no Daitoku 越の大徳 - Great Man of Virtue from Etsu
Unpen Shoonin 雲遍上人 Saint Unpen Shonin
Shiramine Daisoojo 天狗 白峰大僧正 Tengu Shiramine Daisojo

He was a teacher of Buddhism and later became a Tengu at Mount Hakusan.
He was the second son of the samurai family of Mikami no Yasuzumi 三神安角(みかみのやすずみ)and became a monk at age 14.

He practised austerities at 愛宕山 Mount Atago together with En no Gyoja 役小角 En no Ozunu, where they met three Tengu and got special teachings and training.
While they were at the mountain, a strong rain hindered their meditation and they prayed for help.
Suddenly three Great Tengu 大天狗 appeared, Nichiryo from India 天竺(インド)の日良, Zegai from China 唐の善界 and Tarobo from Japan 日本の太郎坊.
"We have protected the Buddhist Law for more than 2000 years and helped the people who lived there."
Then they disappeared.
Taicho declared the huge sugi cedar tree 杉 where this happened「清滝四所明神」Kiyotaki Shisho Myojin and on orders from the Court built a mausoleum for the emperor where the Deity 愛宕大権現 Atago Gongen was venerated, now 白雲寺 Hakuun-Ji(愛宕神社 Atago Jinja).
(This legend became popular in the Edo period.
And thus 愛宕山太郎坊 Tarobo from Mount Atago became the Boss of all Japanese Tengu.)

. Atago Jinja 愛宕神社 The Atago shrines of Japan .
Mount Atago 愛宕山, Kameoka, Kyoto.


Priest Taicho kept on travelling. In 117年 he climbed mount Hakusan in Echizen province and enshrined a "super Bosatsu" :
Myoori Daibosatsu 妙理大菩薩 The Godess Myori Daibosatsu.

In 717, the great Buddhist monk and teacher, Taicho Daishi, guided by a woodcutter Gongoro Sasakiri, climbed high up Mount Hakusan, an isolated sacred mountain, in order to meditate.
One night,
while Taicho was sleeping after beginning his rigorous regime of spiritual exercises, the guardian deity of Mount Hakusan appeared to him in a dream and said:
‘Lying about twenty-three kilometers from the foot of the mountain is a village called Awazu. There you will find an underground spring of hot water with wondrous, curative powers, which have been bestowed upon it by Yakushi Nyorai, the Divine Healer. However, the villagers are unaware of this blessing. Go down from the mountain and go to Awazu. With the people of the village, unearth the hot spring and it will serve them forever.’”

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- quote -
Hooshi Ryookan 法師旅館 Ryokan Hotel Hoshi
石川県小松市粟津温泉 Ishikawa, Komatsu, Awazu Onsen
The roots of (Hooshi) Hoshi, the most ancient inn all over the world are truly divine. According to legend in 717 a noted monk Taicho hiked high up Mt Hakusan, a saint and isolated mountain. While Taicho was asleep one night after starting his rigid training exercises, the God of Hakusan turned up while sleeping.

He ordered him to go to a village known as Awazu as there was an underground hot spring with wondrous powers. The people of the village did not know of the good fortune. After dreaming Taicho made his way down to the village and uncovered the gem laying underneath the earth’s surface. Afterwards the priest requested his disciple to build and operate a spa at the site.

Generation after generation, Hoshi proprietors got the name 善吾楼 Zengoro Hoshi. The first Zengoro guided Taicho Daishi to the top of Mt. Hakusan. Quite a few people undergoing illnesses visited the spa built. People started making donations. He then used the money to expand the services he offered.
- reference source : nvisionservices.com -


- quote -
Kippoji Temple 吉峰寺 
It is believed that this temple was established by Taicho Daishi (the great teacher). Dogen Zenji stayed at this Dojo (Buddhist's training school) from the start of his days in the Echizen province. ...
... there is also 'Kaizan Zazen Ishi' which is a rock where it is said that Dogen sat in Zen meditation. Next to it is a spring flowing from Mt. Hakusan.

Yoshinogatake - Zaosan
This mountain is one of top 5 mountains in Echizen. Many holy and miraculous spots are found there, such as 'Zao Gongendo' that Taicho Daishi is said to have enshrined. Ruins of an accommodation for the people who were training on the mountain during the Heian period can be found here, along with the holy spring called 'Akamizu', which mountain ascetics in training offered to the gods and Buddha.
- source : zennosato.jp/310_annai -


- quote -
Power of Water: Mt. Haku
Height: 2702.14m
Location: Gifu, Fukui and Ishikawa prefectures
Mt. Haku was first scaled in 717 by Shintoist Taicho, and has since then attracted many worshippers.
- source : jpninfo.com  -

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- quote
北陸白山御前峰の天狗 - 白峰大僧正
The Tengu Shiramine Daisoojo 白峰大僧正 Shiramine Daisojo



- source : Toyota Toki とよた 時 / 画房【とよだ 時】 Toyoda Toki

The "White Mountain" has three important peaks
Gozenpō 御前峰 Gozenpo (2,702 meters), Ōnanjimine 大汝峰 Onanjimine (2,684 meters) and 剣ヶ峰 Kengamine (2,677 meters). A bit further away is 別山 Mount Bessan.
Taicho climbed the moutani with a disciple and eventually became
白峰大僧正という天狗 the Great Tengu Priest of Shiramine.

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- quote -
- - - 役小角と泰澄が太郎坊と出会う天狗伝説
- reference source : fushigi-chikara.jp/sonota -

- reference - 白山坊 -
- reference - Hakusanbo -

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- quote -
白山坊(はくさんぼう)とは白い狐の妖怪で、
Hakusanbo is a white fox Yokai !
妖怪キツネ白山坊 Yokai Kitsune Hakusanbo
by Mizuki Shigeru


An old white fox of more than 100 years, appears in the movie ゲゲゲの鬼太郎 Gegege no Kitaro
The origin dates back to the Edo period collection of Yokai
絵本百物語 Ehon Hyaku Monogatari.


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妖狐・白山坊の花嫁
白山坊 ビバ! お化け屋敷

布をまとった狐の顔をした妖怪。
強い妖力を持ち、無生物を操ったり、無生物に化けたり出来る。また、術をかけることで人間に幸運を授ける、人の心を操る、普通の狐に言葉を話せるようにするなどの行為が可能。
基本的には、危機的状態にある人間に対し「命を助けてやる、ただし娘が16歳になったら嫁にもらう」という契約を持ちかけ、その後もらった娘を、嫁と称して食べようとする。
江戸時代の奇談集『絵本百物語』
にある狐の妖怪・白蔵主をモチーフにしたものとの説がある[1]。

- reference source : wikipedia -


source : Stan on facebook


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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #hakusanbo -
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9/01/2016

Tengu Manga

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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Manga and Tengu 漫画 /マンガと天狗

. Manga Nippon Mukashibanashi まんが日本昔ばなし Tengu .
- Folktales with Tengu -

. Kako Satoshi 加古 里子 .
Daruma-chan and Tengu-chan だるまちゃんとてんぐちゃん

. Mizuki Shigeru 水木茂 - Tengu .

. Toyota Toki とよた 時 Toyoda Toki - 山里漫画家 Tengu Manga .
with historical background / in Japanese

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- - - - - Anime Animo - - - - -
- quote -
..... The earliest tengu were pictured with beaks, but this feature has often been humanized as an unnaturally long nose, which today is widely considered the tengu's defining characteristic in the popular imagination.



Buddhism long held that the tengu were disruptive demons and harbingers of war. Their image gradually softened, however, into one of protective, if still dangerous, spirits of the mountains and forests.



Tengu are associated with the ascetic practice known as Shugendō, and they are usually depicted in the distinctive garb of its followers, the yamabushi.
- source and more photos : Anime Amino

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- - - - - CLICK for photos ! - - - - -

- Anime Characters with Tengu -

- Batman : Bruce Wayne "Mask of Tengu" -

- Black Bird Manga : Tengu -

- Cosplay with Tengu -

- Digital Meme : Tengu -

- Kamisama Hajimemashita : Kurama Tengu -

- Kamisama Kiss : Tengu -

- Koppa Tengu : Manga -

- Megan Man : Tengu Man -

- Miikes Yokai War -

- Nura: Rise of the Yokai Clan - Karasu Tengu -

- Osamu Tezuka : Tengu -


- Pokemon : Tengu -

- Princess Kurama : Urusei Yatsura -

- Shiftry - a large, brown bipedal Pokémon -

- Soar High! Isami : Tengu -

- Super Mario : Tengu -

- Super Sentai : Tengu -

- Tactics Manga : Tengu -

- Takuma Sakazaki : Mister Karate -

- The Eccentric Family -

- video games : tengu -
Abarenbou Tengu and many more


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- - - - - Yokai Watch - - - - -



and Tengloom - Nekurama Tengu



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- reference - 天狗 漫画-
- reference - Tengu Manga -

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. - - - Join my Tengupedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #mangatengu #tengumanga -
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8/30/2016

Joga, Chang-e, Koga Yokai

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Jooga 嫦娥 Joga, Chang'e
Kooga 姮娥(こうが)Koga, Heng'e
Lady Chang-O, The Moon Lady

A sennyo 仙女 Sennyo fairy, nymph from Chinese mythology.


Chang'e flees to the moon (Joga hongetsu tsuki)
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi

- quote
嫦娥收玉兔 Chang'e receives the Jade Rabbit
Chang'e ordered the moon rabbit to make a new immortality medicine for her once she had ascended to the moon from the earth after consuming the original, which she stole from her husband, so that she could return to him.
Chang'e (嫦娥 Joga) is a Chinese Princess. She drank the Horai Elixir, for which she was imprisoned on the Moon.

Chang'e or Chang-o,
originally known as Heng'e, is the Chinese goddess of the Moon. She is the subject of several legends in Chinese mythology, most of which incorporate several of the following elements: Houyi the archer, a benevolent or malevolent emperor, an elixir of life, and of course, the Moon.
In modern times, Chang'e has been the namesake of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program.

There are many tales about Chang'e, including a well-known story which is given as the origin of the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival. In a very distant past, ten suns had risen together into the skies and scorched the earth, thus causing hardship for the people. The archer Yi shot down nine of them, leaving just one sun, and was given the elixir of immortality as a reward. He did not consume it straight away, but hid it at home, as he did not want to gain immortality without his beloved wife Chang'e. However, while Yi went out hunting, Fengmeng broke into his house and tried to force Chang'e to give him the elixir; she refused and drank it herself. Chang'e then flew upwards towards the heavens, choosing the moon as residence. Yi discovered what had transpired and felt sad, so he displayed the Fruits and Cakes that Chang'e had liked, and gave sacrifices to her.



- Worship
The recently rediscovered divination text Guizang contains the story of Chang'e as a story providing the meaning to Hexagram 54 of the I Ching, "Returning Maiden".
On Mid-Autumn Day, the full Moon night of the eighth lunar month, an open-air altar is set up facing the Moon for the worship of Chang'e. New pastries are put on the altar for her to bless. She is said to endow her worshipers with beauty.
- She is also well liked in popular culture ...
- source : wikipedia


. Rabbit pounding rice in the Moon .
- Introduction -

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. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 (1715-1783) .

薬盗む女やは有おぼろ月
kusuri nusumu onna ya ha aru oborozuki

A woman has
stolen the elixir of life
the hazy moon

Tr. Allan Persinger

The cut marker YA is in the middle of line 2.

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嫦娥奔月 Jooga tsuki ni noboru
Joga ascending to the Moon
Chinese stamp from 1999



- source : pddlib.v.wol.ne.jp/photo/stamp/joga -

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

- Japanese reference -


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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #jooga #jogayokai -
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